Difference between revisions of "Scripting"

[unchecked revision][checked revision]
 
(30 intermediate revisions by 3 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
__NOTOC__
 
__NOTOC__
With the [[MailStore Server Management Shell]] as well as the [[MailStore Server Administration API]] MailStore Server offers multiple methods of automating tasks by using scripts. In this scripting area we have put together scripts that provide solutions for use-cases we have often been asked for.
+
MailStore Server provides powerful interfaces, such as the [[MailStore Server Management Shell]] and the [[MailStore Server Administration API]], that can be used to automate many tasks through scripts. This makes it possible to realize scenarios that would be difficult or impossible to implement through the GUI. Furthermore, scripting allows to integrate MailStore Server in existing workflows or business processes.
  
This article describes needed steps of preparation as well as how to execute the scripts.
+
This article exemplifies the usage of the MailStore Server Administration API in several scripting languages. In our scripting section we assorted various scripts that make use of the demonstrated techniques and solve frequently posed problems. These scripts can be used freely and may be adapted to a specific environment or serve as a basis for further solutions.
  
= Using Windows Batch Scripts =
+
<p class=msnote>'''Important Notice:''' The scripting code published in this section must be considered as reference and example implementations. Unless stated otherwise, the scripts are released under the terms an conditions of the [[wikipedia:MIT_License|MIT License]].</p>
Before you are able to execute [[Windows Batch Scripts]] on the command line ''cmd.exe'', you need to open the script file in a text editor such as ''Notepad'' Adjust the configuration variables above the ''DON'T CHANGE ANYTHING BEYOND THIS LINE'' line to your local environment. Please take care not to change any single or double quotes.
 
  
= Using Python Scripts =
+
== Using Window Batch Scripts ==
 +
For simple tasks, such as bulk import or export of PST files, Window batch scripts may also be used. Usually, these scripts do not control MailStore Server through the [[MailStore Server Administration API]] but through the [[MailStore_Server_Management_Shell|command line interpreter]].
  
== Preparation ==
+
Before you are able to execute [[Media:Batchscripts.zip|Windows batch scripts]] on the command line ''cmd.exe'', you need to open the script file in a text editor such as ''Notepad''. Adjust the configuration variables above the ''DON'T CHANGE ANYTHING BEYOND THIS LINE'' line to your local environment. Please take care not to change any single or double quotes.
In order to execute Python scripts from our [[Media:MailStoreScripts.zip‎|script package]] your need to install the Python runtime. The Windows Installer of the Python runtime can be downloaded from http://www.python.org. For Linux operating systems please follow the instructions of your distributor's package manager to install the Python runtime.  
 
  
Our [[Media:MailStoreScripts.zip‎|script package]] includes a version of the MailStore Server Administration API Python wrapper. Therefore after downloading the package you just need to extract the content into a directory on your local hard disk.
+
To obtain the the thumbprint (fingerprint, hash) of the MailStore Server certificate, follow these steps:
  
== Executing Python Scripts ==
+
* Open the [[MailStore_Server_Service_Configuration#IP_Addresses_and_Ports|MailStore Server Service Configuration]]
In order to execute [[Python Scripts]] you have to open the script file you want to execute with IDLE (shipped with Python's Windows installer) and adjust the configuration section above the line saying ''DON'T CHANGE ANYTHING BEYOND THIS LINE''. Please take care not to change any double or single quotes.
+
* Navigate to ''Network Settings''
 +
: [[File:tech_config_02.png|center|550px]]
 +
* Click on the name of the server certificate that is used for ''MailStore Client''
 +
* Find the thumbprint in the details of the certificate
 +
: [[File:GPO_Client_2012R2_13.png]]
 +
 
 +
Be aware that when copying the thumbprint there may be an invisible character in front of the first character of the thumbprint. This invisible character must not be present in the script files. See [https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/2023835/certificate-thumbprint-displayed-in-mmc-certificate-snap-in-has-extra] for details.
 +
 
 +
=== Available Windows Batch Scripts ===
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
! scope="col" | File Name
 +
! scope="col" | Description
 +
|-
 +
| <tt>bulkImportPST.bat</tt>
 +
| Import multiple PST files from a given directory into the archive of a the given MailStore user. A PST archiving profile of the type ''Single User'' with the name 'templateBulkImportPST' must be created manually beforehand.
 +
|-
 +
| <tt>bulkImportMBOX.bat</tt>
 +
| Import multiple MBOX files from a given directory into the archive of a the given MailStore user. An MBOX archiving profile with the name 'templateBulkImportMBOX' must be created manually beforehand.
 +
|-
 +
| <tt>bulkExportPST.bat</tt>
 +
| Export of all archives into multiple PST files seperated by MailStore users.  A PST export profile with the name 'templateBulkExportPST' must be created manually beforehand.
 +
|-
 +
| <tt>bulkDeleteUsers.bat</tt>
 +
|  Delete all MailStore users except the default admin user 'admin'.
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
== Using Python Scripts ==
 +
Complex processes can more easily be automated with a higher level scripting language than simple Windows batch scripts. As a widely used, platform independent and easy to learn but powerful scripting language, Python is well suited to control MailStore Server through the [[MailStore Server Administration API]].
 +
 
 +
To be able to execute Python scripts you need to install the Python runtime. The Windows installer of the Python runtime can be downloaded from [http://www.python.org Python.org]. For Linux operating systems, please follow the instructions of your distributor's package manager to install the Python runtime.
 +
 
 +
For executing our scripts, a version of the [[Media:Python-api-wrapper.zip|Python API Wrapper]] is required. Installation instructions for the wrapper are available in the corresponding section of the [[Python API Wrapper Tutorial]].
 +
 
 +
In order to execute Python scripts, you have to open the script file you want to execute with IDLE (shipped with Python's Windows installer) and adjust the configuration section above the line stating ''DON'T CHANGE ANYTHING BEYOND THIS LINE''. Please take care not to change any double or single quotes.
  
 
To execute the script, click on ''Run'' > ''Run Module'' or press the F5-key in IDLE. A new window pops up where you can follow the standard output of the script and see possible execution errors.
 
To execute the script, click on ''Run'' > ''Run Module'' or press the F5-key in IDLE. A new window pops up where you can follow the standard output of the script and see possible execution errors.
  
== Changelog ==
+
If you are planning to write your own scripts in Python to automate MailStore Server tasks, the [[Python API Wrapper Tutorial]] offers a good starting point. Otherwise, if you just want to make use of the provided [[Media:Scripts.zip|Python Scripts]], you can download them from here.
 +
 
 +
* [[Python API Wrapper Tutorial]]
 +
* [[Media:Scripts.zip|Python Scripts]]
 +
 
 +
=== Available Python Scripts ===
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
! scope="col" | File Name
 +
! scope="col" | Description
 +
|-
 +
| <tt>mergeFolders.py</tt>
 +
| Merges the first level of sub folders of a user archive. Can be used after archiving multiple PSTs of a user.
 +
|-
 +
| <tt>createUserFolders.py</tt>
 +
| Create folders in file system based on MailStore user names. Can be used in preparation of bulk imports of EML, MSG or PST files.
 +
|-
 +
| <tt>renameInbox.py</tt>
 +
| In some cases there are two Inbox folders in the archive (Inbox and INBOX). This scripts merges them. You should merge them in the Inbox folder, that is filled by active archiving profiles.
 +
|-
 +
| <tt>updateUserNames.py</tt>
 +
| When the directory service changes, the usernames might change as well. When this happens, new archives will be created and the archiving might fill up these new archives. This script can be used before MailStore synchronizes with the changed directory service. It prepares usernames, archives and privileges on the own archive. When there are set up privileges on other archive, these privileges have to be adjusted manually.
 +
|-
 +
| <tt>check_mailstorelicense.py</tt>
 +
| Nagios/Icinga plugin for monitoring available licenses. See [[Monitoring]] for further details.
 +
|-
 +
| <tt>check_mailstore.py</tt>
 +
| Nagios/Icinga plugin for monitoring recent results. See [[Monitoring]] for further details.
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
== Using PowerShell Scripts ==
 +
As the standard shell that is shipped with every newer version of Windows, the .NET framework based Windows PowerShell is also well suited to control MailStore Server through the [[MailStore Server Administration API]].
 +
 
 +
The MailStore PowerShell API Wrapper and the scripts are compatible with Windows PowerShell 3.0 and higher. Depending on the version of Windows, the Windows PowerShell has to be installed separately; it can be downloaded at the [https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/download/default.aspx Microsoft Download Center] free of charge.
 +
 
 +
If you want to implement your own scripts to automate MailStore Server tasks, the [[PowerShell API Wrapper Tutorial]] is ideal to start with. If you just want to use the scripts offered by MailStore, you can simply navigate to that section directly.
  
2013-04-17 New: [[Python_Scripts#updateUserNames.py|updateUserNames.py]], [[Python_Scripts#mergeFolders.py|mergeFolders.py]]
+
* [[PowerShell API Wrapper Tutorial]]
2013-06-25 Bugfix: MailStoreApi.RebuildStoreIndex was not working properly
 
  
 
[[de:Scripting]]
 
[[de:Scripting]]
 +
[[en:Scripting]]

Latest revision as of 11:58, 17 March 2021

MailStore Server provides powerful interfaces, such as the MailStore Server Management Shell and the MailStore Server Administration API, that can be used to automate many tasks through scripts. This makes it possible to realize scenarios that would be difficult or impossible to implement through the GUI. Furthermore, scripting allows to integrate MailStore Server in existing workflows or business processes.

This article exemplifies the usage of the MailStore Server Administration API in several scripting languages. In our scripting section we assorted various scripts that make use of the demonstrated techniques and solve frequently posed problems. These scripts can be used freely and may be adapted to a specific environment or serve as a basis for further solutions.

Important Notice: The scripting code published in this section must be considered as reference and example implementations. Unless stated otherwise, the scripts are released under the terms an conditions of the MIT License.

Using Window Batch Scripts

For simple tasks, such as bulk import or export of PST files, Window batch scripts may also be used. Usually, these scripts do not control MailStore Server through the MailStore Server Administration API but through the command line interpreter.

Before you are able to execute Windows batch scripts on the command line cmd.exe, you need to open the script file in a text editor such as Notepad. Adjust the configuration variables above the DON'T CHANGE ANYTHING BEYOND THIS LINE line to your local environment. Please take care not to change any single or double quotes.

To obtain the the thumbprint (fingerprint, hash) of the MailStore Server certificate, follow these steps:

Tech config 02.png
  • Click on the name of the server certificate that is used for MailStore Client
  • Find the thumbprint in the details of the certificate
GPO Client 2012R2 13.png

Be aware that when copying the thumbprint there may be an invisible character in front of the first character of the thumbprint. This invisible character must not be present in the script files. See [1] for details.

Available Windows Batch Scripts

File Name Description
bulkImportPST.bat Import multiple PST files from a given directory into the archive of a the given MailStore user. A PST archiving profile of the type Single User with the name 'templateBulkImportPST' must be created manually beforehand.
bulkImportMBOX.bat Import multiple MBOX files from a given directory into the archive of a the given MailStore user. An MBOX archiving profile with the name 'templateBulkImportMBOX' must be created manually beforehand.
bulkExportPST.bat Export of all archives into multiple PST files seperated by MailStore users. A PST export profile with the name 'templateBulkExportPST' must be created manually beforehand.
bulkDeleteUsers.bat Delete all MailStore users except the default admin user 'admin'.

Using Python Scripts

Complex processes can more easily be automated with a higher level scripting language than simple Windows batch scripts. As a widely used, platform independent and easy to learn but powerful scripting language, Python is well suited to control MailStore Server through the MailStore Server Administration API.

To be able to execute Python scripts you need to install the Python runtime. The Windows installer of the Python runtime can be downloaded from Python.org. For Linux operating systems, please follow the instructions of your distributor's package manager to install the Python runtime.

For executing our scripts, a version of the Python API Wrapper is required. Installation instructions for the wrapper are available in the corresponding section of the Python API Wrapper Tutorial.

In order to execute Python scripts, you have to open the script file you want to execute with IDLE (shipped with Python's Windows installer) and adjust the configuration section above the line stating DON'T CHANGE ANYTHING BEYOND THIS LINE. Please take care not to change any double or single quotes.

To execute the script, click on Run > Run Module or press the F5-key in IDLE. A new window pops up where you can follow the standard output of the script and see possible execution errors.

If you are planning to write your own scripts in Python to automate MailStore Server tasks, the Python API Wrapper Tutorial offers a good starting point. Otherwise, if you just want to make use of the provided Python Scripts, you can download them from here.

Available Python Scripts

File Name Description
mergeFolders.py Merges the first level of sub folders of a user archive. Can be used after archiving multiple PSTs of a user.
createUserFolders.py Create folders in file system based on MailStore user names. Can be used in preparation of bulk imports of EML, MSG or PST files.
renameInbox.py In some cases there are two Inbox folders in the archive (Inbox and INBOX). This scripts merges them. You should merge them in the Inbox folder, that is filled by active archiving profiles.
updateUserNames.py When the directory service changes, the usernames might change as well. When this happens, new archives will be created and the archiving might fill up these new archives. This script can be used before MailStore synchronizes with the changed directory service. It prepares usernames, archives and privileges on the own archive. When there are set up privileges on other archive, these privileges have to be adjusted manually.
check_mailstorelicense.py Nagios/Icinga plugin for monitoring available licenses. See Monitoring for further details.
check_mailstore.py Nagios/Icinga plugin for monitoring recent results. See Monitoring for further details.

Using PowerShell Scripts

As the standard shell that is shipped with every newer version of Windows, the .NET framework based Windows PowerShell is also well suited to control MailStore Server through the MailStore Server Administration API.

The MailStore PowerShell API Wrapper and the scripts are compatible with Windows PowerShell 3.0 and higher. Depending on the version of Windows, the Windows PowerShell has to be installed separately; it can be downloaded at the Microsoft Download Center free of charge.

If you want to implement your own scripts to automate MailStore Server tasks, the PowerShell API Wrapper Tutorial is ideal to start with. If you just want to use the scripts offered by MailStore, you can simply navigate to that section directly.