Difference between revisions of "Using Network Attached Storage (NAS)"

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NAS systems provide disk space in the local network by using special networking file systems. In Microsoft Windows environments, this is the SMB or CIFS filesystem. A NAS can be either a usual Windows machine with a network share or a special NAS appliance with its own operating system and management interface.
 
NAS systems provide disk space in the local network by using special networking file systems. In Microsoft Windows environments, this is the SMB or CIFS filesystem. A NAS can be either a usual Windows machine with a network share or a special NAS appliance with its own operating system and management interface.
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MailStore Server can utilize NAS systems to store its productive data on it or as target for its backup data.
  
 
To ensure successful operation, the NAS should meet the following prerequisites:
 
To ensure successful operation, the NAS should meet the following prerequisites:
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* When moving an existing MailStore database, the available disk space should be twice the size of the current archive.  
 
* When moving an existing MailStore database, the available disk space should be twice the size of the current archive.  
  
'''Please note:''' A storage system attached via FibreChannel or iSCSI is called Storage Area Network (SAN) storage. SAN storage is used like a local disk, so that no further configuration is needed to run MailStore Server on it.
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'''Please note:''' A storage system attached via FibreChannel or iSCSI is called Storage Area Network (SAN) storage. SAN storage is used like a local disk, so that no further configuration is needed to let MailStore Server store its data on it.
  
In addition to a description of how to install MailStore Server onto an NAS system, as described in the following, you can find information on how to move an existing archive onto an NAS system in the article [[Moving the Archive]].
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== Configuration of the NAS Directory Share ==
 
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* Create a new directory share on the NAS system. Consult the documentation of the Windows system, the used operation system or of the appliance if necessary.
== Installing MailStore on an NAS Directory Share ==
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* The MailStore Server service runs under the account of the ''SYSTEM'' user on the Windows system. In network environments the ''SYSTEM'' user is identified by the computer object where MailStore Server is installed on. There are two ways to grant the MailStore Server service permissions on a directory share.
 
 
Install MailStore on the chosen computer, and open the MailStore Server Service Configuration.
 
 
 
* Stop the MailStore Server service either by using the MailStore Server Service Configuration interface or by entering the command 'net stop "MailStore Server"' in a command line.
 
* Create a directory share on the NAS system.
 
* There are two ways to enable MailStore to access the directory share:
 
  
 
=== Authorizing the Computer Object to Access the Directory Share ===
 
=== Authorizing the Computer Object to Access the Directory Share ===
 
* Grant the computer object full control over the directory share. This enables the local system account of the computer on which MailStore is installed to access the network. If file system permissions are required on the share, grant the computer object full control here as well.   
 
* Grant the computer object full control over the directory share. This enables the local system account of the computer on which MailStore is installed to access the network. If file system permissions are required on the share, grant the computer object full control here as well.   
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*: '''Note:''' Some NAS systems do not support computer objects. Grant a user object permissions on the directory share then.
 
*: [[File:Tech_netshares_01.png|center]]
 
*: [[File:Tech_netshares_01.png|center]]
 
*: [[File:Tech_netshares_02.png|center]]
 
*: [[File:Tech_netshares_02.png|center]]
  
 
=== Authorizing the User Object to Access the Directory Share ===
 
=== Authorizing the User Object to Access the Directory Share ===
 
 
* Create a user object either on the NAS system or in a directory service (e.g. Active Directory).  
 
* Create a user object either on the NAS system or in a directory service (e.g. Active Directory).  
 
* Grant the user object full control over the directory share. If file system permissions are required, grant the user object full control here as well.
 
* Grant the user object full control over the directory share. If file system permissions are required, grant the user object full control here as well.
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*: [[File:Tech_netshares_05.png|center]]
 
*: [[File:Tech_netshares_05.png|center]]
  
== Configuration of MailStore Server ==
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== Installing MailStore Server while using a NAS system ==
 
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* Install MailStore Server on your computer. Detailed instructions can be found in the [[Installation]] section if the MailStore manual.
In the MailStore Server Service Configuration interface, enter the path for the directory share on the NAS system in UNC notation (\\computer\sharename\). In the example below, the name of the NAS system is NAS01 and the name of the share is MailArchive.  
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* Open the [[MailStore Server Service Configuration]]. A link can be found on the desktop.
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* Stop the MailStore Server service.
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* Navigate to ''General'' and enter the path for the directory share on the NAS system in UNC notation (\\computer\sharename\). In the example below, the name of the NAS system is NAS01 and the name of the share is MailArchive.  
  
 
[[File:Tech_netshares_06.png|center|550px]]
 
[[File:Tech_netshares_06.png|center|550px]]
  
Once the computer object has the appropriate permissions for the directory share, the MailStore service can be restarted by clicking on ''Start'' in the MailStore Server Service Configuration interface or by entering <code>net start "MailStore Server"</code> in a command line.
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If you have granted the computer object the appropriate permissions for the directory share, the MailStore service can be restarted by clicking on ''Start'' in the MailStore Server Service Configuration interface.
  
If a user object has been granted permissions for the share, MailStore server must establish a connection to the network share during the start using this user object. To set up the appropriate startup script, please proceed as follows:
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=== Using a startup script ===
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If a user object has been granted permissions on the share, MailStore Server must establish a connection to the network share during the start using this user object. To set up the appropriate startup script, please proceed as follows:
  
 
* On the MailStore Server computer, open the [[MailStore Server Service Configuration]].  
 
* On the MailStore Server computer, open the [[MailStore Server Service Configuration]].  
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*:[[File:Tech_netshares_07.png|center|550px]]
 
*:[[File:Tech_netshares_07.png|center|550px]]
 
* Click on ''Save Changes''.
 
* Click on ''Save Changes''.
* The MailStore Server service can now be restarted by clicking on ''Start'' in the MailStore Server Service Configuration interface or by entering the command <code>net start "MailStore Server"</code> in a command line.
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* The MailStore Server service can now be restarted by clicking on ''Start'' in the MailStore Server Service Configuration.
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== Moving the archive to a Network Share ==
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Moving the archive to a network share is described in the article [[Moving_the_Archive#Moving_the_Archive_to_a_Network_Share|Moving the Archive]].
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== Writing a backup to a Network Share ==
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* Create a network share as described in [[#Configuration_of_the_NAS_Directory_Share|Configuration of the NAS Directory Share]].
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* If a user object has been granted permissions on the share, you have to configure a [[#Using_a_startup_script|startup script]].
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* Follow the instructions from the [[Backup_and_Restore#Using_the_MailStore_Integrated_Backup_Feature|backup article]].
  
 
== Troubleshooting ==
 
== Troubleshooting ==
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In case of errors or problems the [[MailStore_Server_Service_Configuration#Event_Viewer|event viewer]] or [[MailStore_Server_Service_Configuration#Debug_Log|debug log]] can be used to troubleshoot.
  
 
[https://cs.mailstore.com/index.php?/Knowledgebase/Article/View/73/10/debugging-nas-connection-issues Debugging NAS connection issues]
 
[https://cs.mailstore.com/index.php?/Knowledgebase/Article/View/73/10/debugging-nas-connection-issues Debugging NAS connection issues]

Revision as of 14:41, 9 February 2018

NAS systems provide disk space in the local network by using special networking file systems. In Microsoft Windows environments, this is the SMB or CIFS filesystem. A NAS can be either a usual Windows machine with a network share or a special NAS appliance with its own operating system and management interface.

MailStore Server can utilize NAS systems to store its productive data on it or as target for its backup data.

To ensure successful operation, the NAS should meet the following prerequisites:

  • The NAS must not be turned off or put into standby mode at any time, as long as there is a MailStore Server service accessing the database on the NAS. Otherwise database corruption may occur, which can lead to loss of data.
  • When moving an existing MailStore database, the available disk space should be twice the size of the current archive.

Please note: A storage system attached via FibreChannel or iSCSI is called Storage Area Network (SAN) storage. SAN storage is used like a local disk, so that no further configuration is needed to let MailStore Server store its data on it.

Configuration of the NAS Directory Share

  • Create a new directory share on the NAS system. Consult the documentation of the Windows system, the used operation system or of the appliance if necessary.
  • The MailStore Server service runs under the account of the SYSTEM user on the Windows system. In network environments the SYSTEM user is identified by the computer object where MailStore Server is installed on. There are two ways to grant the MailStore Server service permissions on a directory share.

Authorizing the Computer Object to Access the Directory Share

  • Grant the computer object full control over the directory share. This enables the local system account of the computer on which MailStore is installed to access the network. If file system permissions are required on the share, grant the computer object full control here as well.
    Note: Some NAS systems do not support computer objects. Grant a user object permissions on the directory share then.
    Tech netshares 01.png
    Tech netshares 02.png

Authorizing the User Object to Access the Directory Share

  • Create a user object either on the NAS system or in a directory service (e.g. Active Directory).
  • Grant the user object full control over the directory share. If file system permissions are required, grant the user object full control here as well.
    Tech netshares 04.png
    Tech netshares 05.png

Installing MailStore Server while using a NAS system

  • Install MailStore Server on your computer. Detailed instructions can be found in the Installation section if the MailStore manual.
  • Open the MailStore Server Service Configuration. A link can be found on the desktop.
  • Stop the MailStore Server service.
  • Navigate to General and enter the path for the directory share on the NAS system in UNC notation (\\computer\sharename\). In the example below, the name of the NAS system is NAS01 and the name of the share is MailArchive.
Tech netshares 06.png

If you have granted the computer object the appropriate permissions for the directory share, the MailStore service can be restarted by clicking on Start in the MailStore Server Service Configuration interface.

Using a startup script

If a user object has been granted permissions on the share, MailStore Server must establish a connection to the network share during the start using this user object. To set up the appropriate startup script, please proceed as follows:

  • On the MailStore Server computer, open the MailStore Server Service Configuration.
  • Click on Startup Script.
  • In the text field on the right, enter the net commands to be used to establish the connection to the necessary network shares, e.g.
    net use \\nas01\MailArchive /user:mailstoreserver SecretPassw0rd
    to connect to the \\nas01\MailArchive network share with the user mailstore and the password SecretPassword.
    Important notice: Are the MailStore Server computer and the NAS in different Windows domains or workgroups, the computer name must be put in front of the username, e.g. /user:nas01\mailstore
    Tech netshares 07.png
  • Click on Save Changes.
  • The MailStore Server service can now be restarted by clicking on Start in the MailStore Server Service Configuration.

Moving the archive to a Network Share

Moving the archive to a network share is described in the article Moving the Archive.

Writing a backup to a Network Share

Troubleshooting

In case of errors or problems the event viewer or debug log can be used to troubleshoot.

Debugging NAS connection issues

Opportunistic Locking

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About MailStore

  • MailStore Server is one of the leading email archiving solutions for SMB.
  • For private use there is a free tool for email archiving furthermore: MailStore Home.