Enhancing SSL Security
The default configuration of most operating systems allow any set of supported ciphers and hashes to be used by applications when acting as SSL client or server. While this ensures full compatibility with other client and server applications, it does no longer match the expectation in SSL encrypted communication in regards to privacy and trust due to supporting insecure protocols, cipher suites and hash algorithms.
Therefore enhancing the security of SSL mainly consists of disabling these insecure protocols, ciphers and hashes as well as prioritize cipher suites that allow the usage of Perfect Forward Secrecy.
As MailStore Server relies on Windows' security support provider (SSP) called Secure Channel (also known as Schannel), a number of registry keys have to be created or modified in order to disable insecure protocols, ciphers and hashes. Although Microsoft's Technet article How to restrict the use of certain cryptographic algorithms and protocols in Schannel.dll describes in detail which registry keys affect the security provider settings, it is not recommended to manually change these keys. A safer way to adjust the Schannel settings for server applications is Nartac Software's IIS Crypto tool.
Important note: Modifying the configuration of the security support provider (SSP) in Windows may affect general operating system functions such as authentication services and remote desktop and management capabilities or other third party applications that rely on SSP. Thus careful testing of all services is required after applying the changes.
Highest level of security can be achieved with the following settings in IIS Crypto on the MailStore Server computer.
|Protocols Enabled|| TLS 1.0|
|Ciphers Enabled|| AES 128/128|
|Hashes Enabled|| SHA|
|Key Exchange Enabled|| Diffie-Hellman|
|SSL Cipher Suite Order|| TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384_P521|